Mandu: The city of the world’s largest forts? …the city of happiness!

Mandu's history tells the story of the great empires. The Afghan ruler, Malwa, Mohammed Shah, Mughal, and finally the Marathas ruled over it. In 1732, it went into the hands of Marathas!

May 22, 2017

About 90 km away from Indore is the historic tourist spot ‘Mandu’ which is also called the city of happiness. In the tenth century Mandu used to be the capital of Parmar kings of Malwa. By the 13th century it was ruled by the Sultan of Malwa. Then it was named Shadiyabad. Mandu is situated at a height of about 592 meters from the Vindhya hills. It is the city of the biggest forts in the world. The forts have surrounded this city from all sides. Today the walls looks here similar to just like 300 years ago. Here you can see hundreds of mango, tamarind and banyan trees. After rain, Mandu’s beauty and greenery increase. Here the greenery looks like the panna gems are scattered around it.

Visitors come from far and wide to see Mandu’s finest architecture. The beautiful forts on the small hills here attracts everyone on their side. However, these forts are broken down over time, but it still has its charm. In the beauty of Mandu, there is also a love story hidden along with its peace.

It is said that Raja Bahadur used to love his girlfriend Rupmati, who was a very beautiful Rajputana princess. One day while passing through the jungles, King Baz Bahadur heard the song of Rupmati and then he felled with her love. The king also built many palaces for her. But the Mughals took captive to both of them. Rani Roopmati was kept to entertain the Mughal generals but before she touched the queen herself committed suicide.

Mandu was discovered by Raja Bhoj in the tenth century. In the 14th century, the rulers here were made the kings of Afghanistan. The fort on the highest hill of Mandu was also discovered in the 10th century. In the 15th century when the rule of the Malwa began, many palaces were built, such as the Jahaj Mahal, the Hindola Mahal and the Rupmati  Mandap. Mandu’s history tells the story of the great empire. The Afghan ruler, Malwa, Mohammed Shah, Mughal, and finally the Marathas ruled over it. In 1732, it went into the hands of Marathas. Later, the Marathas made Mandu in a dilapidated condition and made its capital in neighboring hill.

There is a lot to see in Mandu such as the Jama Masjid, the Jahaj Mahal, Mandola Mahal, the Nilkantha Temple, the Rekha Kund, Rani Rupmati Mahal and the Hoshang Shah’s Tomb.

Hoshang Shah’s mausoleum is made of marble and has a beautiful glimpse of Afghan architecture. Shahjahan sent his four craftsmen to see the tomb so that he could make such a tomb inside the Taj Mahal. Jama Masjid is one of Mandu’s main attractions. This mosque is one of the better examples of Afghan architecture. Its large courtyard and grand entrance attracts to the people.

The Jahaj Mahal was built by Sultan Giasuddin Khilji. This palace looks like a boat floating in the water. This beautiful palace made between two lakes astonishes everyone. But now this palace is on the brink of destruction. While it used to be the palace of the kings of Malwa.

Rekha Kund is a special lake for Mandu. This lake is full of Narmada river water. It is said that Queen Rupmati was prepared to marry Baj Bahadur on this condition that he would bring the water of Narmada river to Mandu and surely the Rekha Kund meets this condition. Rupti Mahal was constructed on the edge of Rekha Kund. This palace was built by Baj Bahadur for his Queen Rupmati. In this palace, the queen saw the beautiful views of Narmada river.

Dhar city is 35 kilometers from Mandu. It used to be Parmar’s kings capital. Later, the rule of Muslim rulers began on this. Here has a glimpse of the Hindu, Afghan and Mughal architecture.

The weather here is good all year round. Winter or summer, Mandu seems attractive in every season. You can travel by rail, air or by road to Manda.

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