20 Unknown Facts About New Indian Parliament Building

Here are 20 unknown facts about new Indian parliament building, an architectural marvel that holds several fascinating secrets and features.

1. Triangular Shape

  • The new Parliament building boasts a unique triangular shape, influenced by the triangular plot of land it stands on.
  • The shape also pays homage to the sacred geometry found in various religions.
  • It is designed to complement the old Parliament building, creating a cohesive complex.

2. Built-Up Area

  • The new Parliament building has three storeys and a built-up area of 64,500 square meters.
  • The Lok Sabha chamber has 888 seats, which can be expanded up to 1,272.
  • It replaces the old Central Hall and serves as a venue for joint sittings of both Houses.

3. Ceremonial Entrances

  • The building features three ceremonial entrances for the President, Vice-President, Lok Sabha Speaker, and Prime Minister.
  • There is a separate entrance for the public, including visitors on Parliament Street.
  • A temporary reception near the Press Trust of India building has been facilitating public access during the construction period.

4. Environmentally Friendly

  • The new building is constructed using green techniques to reduce electricity consumption by 30% compared to the old building.
  • Rainwater harvesting and water recycling systems have been incorporated.
  • It is designed to be more space-efficient and is expected to function effectively for the next 150 years.

5. Earthquake Safe

  • The building adheres to seismic zone-V regulations as Delhi falls under this high-risk zone.
  • It is engineered to withstand earthquakes and addresses concerns about the seismic vulnerability of the old Parliament building.

6. Lok Sabha Chamber

  • The Lok Sabha chamber is adorned with a captivating peacock theme.
  • Carvings inspired by the feathers of India’s national bird embellish the walls and ceiling.
  • Teal carpets complement the overall design.
  • Each MP has a touch screen on their desk, and two MPs can share a bench.

7. Rajya Sabha Chamber

  • The Rajya Sabha chamber can accommodate 384 Members of Parliament (MPs), a significant increase from the previous capacity of 250.
  • This expansion accounts for potential future increases in the number of MPs.

8. Constitution Hall

  • The new building features a Constitution Hall that documents the journey of Indian democracy.

9. Facilities for MPs

  • Members of Parliament have access to a lounge, dining hall, and library.
  • The building opens into a central courtyard adorned with a banyan tree.

10. Office Space

  • The new building includes six committee rooms, an increase from three in the old building.
  • Additionally, there are 92 rooms designated as offices for the Council of Ministers.
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11. Diverse Construction Materials

  • The interior and exterior of the new Parliament building showcase construction materials sourced from various parts of India.
  • Notable materials include sandstone from Sarmathura in Dholpur and granite from Lakha village in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan.
  • Wood sourced from Nagpur is used in the decor, while craftsmen from Mumbai lead the wooden architecture design.
  • Bhadohi weavers from Uttar Pradesh have contributed traditional hand-knotted carpets.

12. Gandhi Statue

  • The 16-foot-tall bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi, created by sculptor Ram V Sutar, remains situated between the old and new buildings.
  • Previously installed at the main entrance, the statue now faces the old building near the entrance used by the Lok Sabha Speaker.

13. National Symbols

  • The new building proudly showcases national symbols, including the 9,500 kg Lion Capital of Ashoka, the national emblem of India.
  • Carved in stone at the entrance are the Ashoka Chakra and the words “Satyameva Jayate.”

14. Cost

  • The final cost of the new Parliament building has not been officially announced.
  • The initial contract was awarded for Rs 861.9 crore to Tata Projects, but the cost escalated to Rs 971 crore by the start of the project.
  • Government officials estimate the current cost to be around Rs 1,200 crore, inclusive of Rs 200 crore for artwork procured by the Culture Ministry.

15. Golden Sceptre

  • A golden sceptre, presented to Jawaharlal Nehru by Tamil Nadu priests to commemorate India’s Independence, will be displayed in the new Lok Sabha chamber near the Speaker’s podium.

16. Constitution Hall

  • The Constitution Hall is a distinguished space within the new Parliament building that showcases the rich history and evolution of Indian democracy.
  • It serves as a tribute to the constitution-makers and highlights the pivotal role of the Indian Constitution in shaping the nation.

17. Iconic Artwork

  • The new Parliament building exhibits a collection of iconic artwork representing India’s cultural heritage.
  • These art pieces, procured by the Culture Ministry, add aesthetic value and cultural significance to the interior spaces.

18. Modern Technology Integration

  • The new building embraces modern technology with the inclusion of touch screens on desks for each Member of Parliament.
  • This enables easy access to information, parliamentary proceedings, and digital resources during sessions.

19. Enhanced Security Measures

  • The new Parliament building incorporates advanced security systems and measures to ensure the safety of the premises.
  • Stringent security protocols, surveillance cameras, and access control mechanisms are implemented throughout the building.

20. Symbolic Landscaping

  • The surrounding landscape of the new Parliament building is meticulously designed to enhance its visual appeal and symbolize India’s diverse topography.
  • Native plants and trees from different regions of the country are planted, creating a harmonious blend of nature and architecture.

These 20 unknown facts about new Indian parliament building provide a comprehensive glimpse into the new Indian Parliament building, highlighting its architectural brilliance, cultural significance, and commitment to sustainable and technologically advanced design. The construction of this remarkable structure marks a significant milestone in India’s democratic journey.

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