Here are 20 unknown facts about new Indian parliament building, an architectural marvel that holds several fascinating secrets and features.
1. Triangular Shape
- The new Parliament building boasts a unique triangular shape, influenced by the triangular plot of land it stands on.
- The shape also pays homage to the sacred geometry found in various religions.
- It is designed to complement the old Parliament building, creating a cohesive complex.
2. Built-Up Area
- The new Parliament building has three storeys and a built-up area of 64,500 square meters.
- The Lok Sabha chamber has 888 seats, which can be expanded up to 1,272.
- It replaces the old Central Hall and serves as a venue for joint sittings of both Houses.
3. Ceremonial Entrances
- The building features three ceremonial entrances for the President, Vice-President, Lok Sabha Speaker, and Prime Minister.
- There is a separate entrance for the public, including visitors on Parliament Street.
- A temporary reception near the Press Trust of India building has been facilitating public access during the construction period.
4. Environmentally Friendly
- The new building is constructed using green techniques to reduce electricity consumption by 30% compared to the old building.
- Rainwater harvesting and water recycling systems have been incorporated.
- It is designed to be more space-efficient and is expected to function effectively for the next 150 years.
5. Earthquake Safe
- The building adheres to seismic zone-V regulations as Delhi falls under this high-risk zone.
- It is engineered to withstand earthquakes and addresses concerns about the seismic vulnerability of the old Parliament building.
6. Lok Sabha Chamber
- The Lok Sabha chamber is adorned with a captivating peacock theme.
- Carvings inspired by the feathers of India’s national bird embellish the walls and ceiling.
- Teal carpets complement the overall design.
- Each MP has a touch screen on their desk, and two MPs can share a bench.
7. Rajya Sabha Chamber
- The Rajya Sabha chamber can accommodate 384 Members of Parliament (MPs), a significant increase from the previous capacity of 250.
- This expansion accounts for potential future increases in the number of MPs.
8. Constitution Hall
- The new building features a Constitution Hall that documents the journey of Indian democracy.
9. Facilities for MPs
- Members of Parliament have access to a lounge, dining hall, and library.
- The building opens into a central courtyard adorned with a banyan tree.
10. Office Space
- The new building includes six committee rooms, an increase from three in the old building.
- Additionally, there are 92 rooms designated as offices for the Council of Ministers.
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11. Diverse Construction Materials
- The interior and exterior of the new Parliament building showcase construction materials sourced from various parts of India.
- Notable materials include sandstone from Sarmathura in Dholpur and granite from Lakha village in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan.
- Wood sourced from Nagpur is used in the decor, while craftsmen from Mumbai lead the wooden architecture design.
- Bhadohi weavers from Uttar Pradesh have contributed traditional hand-knotted carpets.
12. Gandhi Statue
- The 16-foot-tall bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi, created by sculptor Ram V Sutar, remains situated between the old and new buildings.
- Previously installed at the main entrance, the statue now faces the old building near the entrance used by the Lok Sabha Speaker.
13. National Symbols
- The new building proudly showcases national symbols, including the 9,500 kg Lion Capital of Ashoka, the national emblem of India.
- Carved in stone at the entrance are the Ashoka Chakra and the words “Satyameva Jayate.”
- The final cost of the new Parliament building has not been officially announced.
- The initial contract was awarded for Rs 861.9 crore to Tata Projects, but the cost escalated to Rs 971 crore by the start of the project.
- Government officials estimate the current cost to be around Rs 1,200 crore, inclusive of Rs 200 crore for artwork procured by the Culture Ministry.
15. Golden Sceptre
- A golden sceptre, presented to Jawaharlal Nehru by Tamil Nadu priests to commemorate India’s Independence, will be displayed in the new Lok Sabha chamber near the Speaker’s podium.
16. Constitution Hall
- The Constitution Hall is a distinguished space within the new Parliament building that showcases the rich history and evolution of Indian democracy.
- It serves as a tribute to the constitution-makers and highlights the pivotal role of the Indian Constitution in shaping the nation.
17. Iconic Artwork
- The new Parliament building exhibits a collection of iconic artwork representing India’s cultural heritage.
- These art pieces, procured by the Culture Ministry, add aesthetic value and cultural significance to the interior spaces.
18. Modern Technology Integration
- The new building embraces modern technology with the inclusion of touch screens on desks for each Member of Parliament.
- This enables easy access to information, parliamentary proceedings, and digital resources during sessions.
19. Enhanced Security Measures
- The new Parliament building incorporates advanced security systems and measures to ensure the safety of the premises.
- Stringent security protocols, surveillance cameras, and access control mechanisms are implemented throughout the building.
20. Symbolic Landscaping
- The surrounding landscape of the new Parliament building is meticulously designed to enhance its visual appeal and symbolize India’s diverse topography.
- Native plants and trees from different regions of the country are planted, creating a harmonious blend of nature and architecture.
These 20 unknown facts about new Indian parliament building provide a comprehensive glimpse into the new Indian Parliament building, highlighting its architectural brilliance, cultural significance, and commitment to sustainable and technologically advanced design. The construction of this remarkable structure marks a significant milestone in India’s democratic journey.
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